methodsof teaching art to normadic children
The major aim of teaching art is to lead to self development and self actualization. Teaching children entails challenges that can be overcome by proper evaluation of what form art to teach them and how to go about it.
This term paper examines not only the methods of teaching art to the nomad and Christian children but also what forms of art can be taught in order to develop their cognitive, psychomotor and affirmative domain. Since basic education in conventional sense would not work for the nomads because they are usually involved in constant movement, simply in pursuit of a life style and occupation.
Different methods and art forms would be invovled interms of the Christian children who are more organised and focus because of their way of life .
It equally examines the problems that can be expected in the teaching of arts to nomadic children and possible solution to them.
Normadic Children Education
Nomads are group of people that move from one place to the other in search of food and water or pasture for their lives tocks. These groups of people are majorly pastoralists, they are cattle rearers, and they are livestock breeders and so. The children are used for rearing cattle. For art education to be provided at the basic level, it is the child that must be targeted, children of the age may be six, seven or even nine years of age, who is taken out of education because he has to earn or generate income out of rearing cattle, or catching fish and out of farming. These people live in very inaccessible and remote areas.
Because of all these limitations we have to take the teaching of art to their door-steps, and unless we do that, they are not likely to leave their occupations and come to look for education.
And also they don’t own land because of the land tenure system. The lands that they use are areas temporarily carved out. They use it and when it is time to move, they move and look for another part of the land somewhere else. So technically they do not have a home base, they are all temporary, makeshift settlement.
Forms of art to be taught.
Since of the whole process is to lead to self-actualization and self-development. Forms of arts to teach that will be useful to them as regards personal development should be related to crafts. Artworks they can easily sell to generate income as they go about their daily routine. So by extension the forms of arts to be taught them are:
Crafts (also handcrafts or handicrafts), the making of decorative or functional objects, generally by hand. Hand and power tools may be used, however, in making some craft items. The term crafts also refer to the objects made.
Textile and fiber craft
Teaching techniques (methods) to be used
Before we discuss the techniques, the major thing to be considered by any would be teacher is ‘motivation’, this is very necessary as to serve as a means of encouraging the children. It can be inform little incentive after each lesson or during lesson. This will keep them coming or make them pay attention.
Play–way Method: this method is very important since we are dealing with children, the lessons can start from the perspective of play from the teacher towards concrete explanation or demonstration.
Demonstration Method: this involves the demonstration of the process it involves in achieving a particular pattern of design.
Practical Method: though related to demonstration method, it is slightly different because it entails given them practical class works and see their improvements.
Individual Guidance: since each child have unique way of understanding and expression, a teacher of art must use this method to guide the children through practical works individually because collective critism can easily discourage them.
The method of observing the children to be able to see the level of their technical competency can also be employed.
Since these children are nomads, the teacher must be ready to move along with them as they go about their expeditions in order to fully impart the knowledge. The use of light movable materials must be put into cognizance.
The likely problems to encounter might be from the parents who might think that much of their wards’ time is been taken. Efforts must be made in relative to this to be able to convince the parents, the need for the lessons and the benefits to get later in life.
Christian children are the children of Christian Faith , their ways of life is greatly different from the nomads and because of the background of western education which came into African through the activities of the missionaries, education ( western) to them is an integral part of being a christian , because the missionaries taught education in African schools then in order for the Africans to be able to read and understand the Bible. By extension, Art education has the same original context. Christain children have Class rooms where they can be thought and knows the value of western education more than the nomadic children.
Forms of art to teach them.
Since these gruop of children are more-organised and well groomed in western ways of life, art forms to be taught must be relevant to their enviroment and be situated in context of christianity, atleast for the time being, they can later gradute to other forms of art that might strange to them in order for them to know able world around them.the theme of the works can also be lithurgical ( from the teaching of the Bible)
These are the forms that can be of benefit to them
Methods to be used
Play- way Method
Excursion Method/Field Trip
Teaching art to nomad children can be more challenging compare to teaching the Christian Children. The methods involved are slightly different and mode of teaching and the art forms to teach are greatly different. Conventional class room setting have chalk-board, chairs and tables est. also the context in the teaching are also very different. So a would – be teacher of art must be strike balance between the two different groups in order for the children to excell in the art education.
A synthesis of Teaching Methods by C.M Shipley et al 1965
Technique of Teaching , edited by A.D.C Peterson. 1965
The Guardian News Paper, Vol 25, No. 10,669 , Thursday , March 13, 2008